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Old 09 May 2009, 07:12 PM
Mycroft Mycroft is offline
Join Date: 29 January 2006
Location: Portsmouth, UK
Posts: 1,309

Originally Posted by Recklessmess View Post
Since a York and an Isle of Jersey already existed, the naming of New York (which was once New Amsterdam - why they changed it I can't say, maybe they liked it better that way?) in honor of the originals would make sense.
The case of New York is more complicated than it was seem because it was named after the Duke of York (later James II) who was given the territory of New Netherlands by his brother, King Charles II, after the British had captured it in the Second Anglo-Dutch war (the capture of the dutch colony of New Netherlands with its capital of New Amsterdam started the war in 1664), and the British retained it after the peace treaty of 1667.
New Netherlands was recaptured in 1673 during the Third Anglo-Dutch war (the city being renamed New Orange) but was returned to Britain in thhe peace treaty of 1674, in exchange for territory in the East Indies (specifically Suriname).

[Delhi/New Delhi (actually the translation is farly accurate but the Hindu pronunciation is closer to dilly than delly) is a different matter as they are essentially the same place;
Delhi being the capital of the Moghal Empire from 1649 until the British East India company moved the capital to Calcutta in 1857. Delhi was reinstated as capital of British India (the Raj) after King George V visited India in 1911, the new government buildings being built outside the walled city in an area that became known as New Delhi, and continued to be the capital of India after independance in 1947]

New Jersey was named after the Island of Jersey which was part of Normandy when King William conquered England. It has never been part of the United Kingdom but is directly ruled by the Queen (under the title of Duke of Normandy) along with the other Channel Islands (although closer to France than England they have never been captured by France; but they were captured and occupied by Germany 1940-45)
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